Totalization Agreements

Totalization Agreements

Totalization Agreements

Totalization Agreements: A totalization agreement is designed to avoid U.S. persons (or foreign persons working in the U.S.) for paying double-tax on social security. The U.S. has entered into more than 20 totalization agreements worldwide, including Australia and the UK. It is especially important for U.S. persons who are self-employed and working in a foreign country to confirm if the country has a totalization. Likewise, it is equally important for foreign persons to confirm with the IRS as to whether they must also pay into the U.S. tax system for social security.

As provided by the IRS:

  • “The United States has entered into agreements, called Totalization Agreements, with several nations for the purpose of avoiding double taxation of income with respect to social security taxes. These agreements must be considered when determining whether any alien is subject to the U.S. Social Security/Medicare tax, or whether any U.S. citizen or resident alien is subject to the social security taxes of a foreign country.”

How the IRS Summarizes Totalization Agreements

As further provided by the IRS:

  • “Since the late 1970’s, the United States has established a network of bilateral Social Security agreements that coordinate the U.S. Social Security program with the comparable programs of other countries. This article gives a brief overview of the agreements and should be of particular interest to multinational companies and to people who work abroad during their careers.
  • International Social Security agreements, often called “Totalization agreements,” have two main purposes. First, they eliminate dual Social Security taxation, the situation that occurs when a worker from one country works in another country and is required to pay Social Security taxes to both countries on the same earnings. Second, the agreements help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have divided their careers between the United States and another country.
  • Agreements to coordinate Social Security protection across national boundaries have been common in Western Europe for decades. Following is a list of the agreements the United States has concluded and the date of the entry into force of each. Some of these agreements were subsequently revised; the date shown is the date the original agreement entered into force.”

List of Totalization Agreement Countries

The list of countries that the United States have entered into totalization agreements with is listed below for your reference:

  1. Australia
  2. Austria
  3. Belgium
  4. Canada
  5. Czech Republic
  6. Chile
  7. Denmark
  8. Finland
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. Greece
  12. Ireland
  13. Italy
  14. Japan
  15. Luxembourg
  16. Netherlands
  17. Norway
  18. Poland
  19. Portugal
  20. Slovak Republic
  21. South Korea
  22. Spain
  23. Sweden
  24. Switzerland
  25. United Kingdom

In conclusion, totalization agreements are international social security agreements between the US and foreign countries to minimize double-taxation for social security.

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